Torburg M. R., Dobronravov S. V. The evolution of the woman-leader image in Soviet cinema, р. 127-134

In the article the authors investigate the transformation of typical images of women leaders in Soviet cinema. Until the end of the Stalin era, politicized images of women leaders were created, which were mainly intended to justify state power and the course of the Communist Party, which proclaimed gender equality. More realistic images of women leaders, who are not inferior to men in their strong-willed and business qualities, appeared during the years of the «thaw» when the ideological pressure of state power on art became less strong. Women are depicted as independent and capable of achieving everything on their own. In the films of this period the party as a social force is absent. And finally, the 70s manifested the very patriarchal attitudes that Soviet cinema fought throughout its entire existence: the female leader began to be portrayed as an inferior person. The directors of this period promote the idea that the true essence of a woman is not career-oriented. For a woman, first of all, marriage and family should be the most important ideas and values. Moreover, ideally any woman should share the values and attitudes of the man she is going to marry. Such a metamorphosis was a sign of the decomposition of the Soviet system and the development of bourgeois relations, giving rise to the return of patriarchal views to Soviet society. read in PDF>>>