Science and technology underpin the development of human well-being and the long-term progress of civilization, which should be reflected in the extraordinary growth of public investment in science. The number of scientists has grown, more funds are spent on science and the volume of scientific publications has increased. However, bridging the gender gap in science is vital for achieving sustainable development and fulfilling the promise of the 2030 Agenda. Despite progress in providing opportunities for women in the field of STEM, women and girls are still systematically underrepresented as users and leaders in science, technology, and mathematics. In order to achieve the goals of sustainable development, it is necessary to ensure full and equal access to science for women and girls. Fighting stereotypes and myths takes a key place. There exists a wide range of options available to address both the causes and symptoms underlying gender stereotypes and social norms. The emphasis on the quality of education and the focus on a sound strategy with a gender perspective are what can contribute to achieving gender equality in the interests of the sustainable development of the civilized world.
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