Klimenko L. V. Family in the multicultural space of Southern Russia: gendering ethnography, р. 99-116

The article aims to present the dynamics of ethnocultural values and norms regulating family and marriage relations in Southern Russia based on materials from sociological re-studies conducted from 2004 to 2020. The article discusses the results of the analysis of the gender and age hierarchy in the family, the gender division of housework, the reproduction
of the gender ethno-ethics norms. The study revealed a discrepancy between societal values and norms in the field of family-marriage relations and different vectors of their dynamics in typologically different subregions of Southern Russia. As a result of the study, the authors distinguish the ethno-territorial segments of the «traditionalist» type (Ingushetia, Dagestan), in which the androcentric orientations in the family are stable and are mostly shared by men
and women. The surveys have revealed a difference in the gender subgroup attitudes in the «transitional» republics (Kabardino-Balkaria, Adygea) during the period under review. Women are more oriented towards the deconstruction of the traditional gender order. The trend to egalitarian family relations among both sexes is observed in relatively «modernized» subregions (Rostov Region) to a greater extent. The tendency to increase the family role of an older man (father/father-in-law) has not been sustainable. It showed a rise in the North Caucasus republics during a 2010 survey and then declined a decade later. Also, the norms of ethno-etiquette are weakening in the family sphere. Collegiality indicators in financial behavior and shopping are increasing in all ethno-territorial segments from the first to the last stages of the survey.
Women continue to be the driving force behind the transformation of gender relations in the region since they are the ones who tend to redefine traditional roles in the family. read in PDF>>>