Kazakova A. Y. “Social bottom”: the crisis of gender identity as an indicator of the depth of disadaptation pp.48-59 // Woman in Russian Society. 2015. No.2 . P..


According to the results of a personal handout test survey conducted in 2012 for comparative analysis of outsiders, differentiated by gender and age, in normal conditions and in conditions of group isolation as clients of social services, the loss of identity picture is reproduced. We have found that the factors destroying gender identity were socialization in institutions, long-term suppression of basic needs, the satisfaction of which is not in itself able to “restore” gender and stigma from the “big society”. Adolescents with disabilities in boarding schools produce psychological, based on the similarity of interests, hobbies, musical tastes of primary groups, identity. It is also used in demo-graphic identification on the basis of age. An unsupervised adolescent makes social identity based on occupation in formal groups (school), and age. Masculine identity in terms of being “at the bottom” is constructed by being included in underprivileged but not stigmatized low-income group. Women outsiders consistently demonstrate communicative strategy of refusal to identify themselves as a marginal identity. It is experienced by them, apparently, more painfully than it is by men. While male identity has more resistance than the female, but only out of the isolation mode, suggesting a selection on the basis of the stigma. Depersonalization is an integral part of incarceration. The crisis of gender identity refers to the “depth” of maladjustment or is a measure of the deviation of the trajectory of the primary socialization from normative models that, in turn, can become a factor of exclusion and downward mobility of the individual. The gender identity loss becomes a kind of “point of no return” — the marker of the moment when a long process of social exclusion and reintegration of personality on “the bottom” is finally replaced by a stage of “social death”.read in PDF>>>