The article analyzes the formation and operation mechanisms of the institution for the protection of motherhood and infancy in Siberia in healthcare and sanitation aspect in the 1920s. The early Soviet ideologists during the “construction” of the new lifestyle and the new Soviet woman could not ignore motherhood as a social function of woman. A distinctive feature of the national modernization was its state indoctrination; the young So-viet government pedaled the transformations in a comprehensive manner, paying particular attention to profound axiological changes in society. The project to combat the “old way of life” was very successfully implemented, one of its components being the policy of women’s emancipation and the direction of motherhood and infanthood that supports this policy. For the first decade of these directions, the Soviets managed to lay a serious foundation of new values and demographic attitudes, patterns of behavior among young Soviet women. The motherhood and infancy protection policy affected virtually all modernization initiatives of the new government, and had to solve many issues in the field of healthcare and social transformations. Within the framework of the motherhood and infancy protection policy, traditional and new parenting and motherhood practices in particular, having a fundamental role in the reproduction of social order, were dismantled and constructed.
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