Dzutsev Kh. V., Dibirova A. P. Gender aspect in the spiritual life of the North Caucasus republics population, p. 113-126

The present article uses the data collected during the summer of 2017 in a course of the large scale survey in the republics of the North Caucasus Federal District of the Russian Federation, namely, the Chechen Republic, the Karachay-Cherkessia Republic, Republics of North Ossetia-Alania, Ingushetia, Dagestan, and Kabardino-Balkaria. The survey was con-ducted by the Center of the Russian Southern regions studies at the Institute of Socio-Political Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the department of sociology at the North Ossetian State University. The total number of respondents was 1200, including 30 experts (journalists, scientists, government officials, members of political parties, cultural workers, re-ligious scholars, lawyers). The results demonstrate that in their spiritual life the Caucasians are strongly interested in the gender aspect. A high coefficient of variation of data within a single answer indicates the heterogenous nature of the opinions, which depended on the respondents’ nationality, religion, and place of residence. The experts’ opinions varied as well. For example, experts from Chechnya and Ingushetia, and, to a lesser extent, Dagestan, emphasized the im-portance of religion in their respective regions. The experts from North Ossetia, Kabardino-Balkaria, and, to a lesser extent, Karachay-Cherkessia spoke about the dominant role of natio¬nalism in their republics. This notion was especially applied to such issue as family creation. The experts of North Ossetia pointed out that the citizens of the republic are indifferent to the issues of Islamic faith, gender segregation, Muslim woman’s dress code, etc. It is worth mentioning, that the experts from Chechnya and Ingushetia expressed a strong sentiment in favor of gender segregation and limited social role of women, prescribed by the Islamic faith.
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